Portugal 1812 4.000 Reis (Rio)



4000 Reis. Gold 916,6.

Rio de Janeiro.
John, Prince Regent.

Catalog: Alberto Gomes 34.18
Condition: MS62

In NGC capsule/slab.

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1 350,00 €

Data sheet

Year 1812
Face value Dinheiro - Bolhão
Metal Ouro .9166
Diameter 27 mm

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John VI, nicknamed "the Clement", was King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1816 to 1825. Although the United Kingdom over which he ruled ceased to exist de facto beginning in 1822, he remained its monarch de jure between 1822 and 1825. After the recognition of the independence of Brazil under the Treaty of Rio de Janeiro of 1825, he continued as King of Portugal until his death in 1826. Under the same treaty, he also became titular Emperor of Brazil for life, while his son, Pedro I of Brazil, was both de facto and de jure the monarch of the newly-independent country.

Born in Lisbon in 1767, the son of Maria I and Peter III of Portugal, he was originally an infante (prince, but not heir to the throne) of Portugal. He only became heir to the throne when his older brother José, Prince of Brazil, died of smallpox in 1788 at the age of 27.

One of the last representatives of absolute monarchy in Europe, he lived during a turbulent period; his reign never saw a lasting peace.